|Mise à jour: 19/06/2013|
This document contains the Draft Reviewed Operational Procedures for the use of resources under the direct control of the Governing Body and the Draft Policy on Conflict of Interest and related Standards of Conduct for the Benefit-sharing Fund. The Draft Reviewed Operational Procedures and the Draft Policy on Conflict of Interest provided in this document were elaborated by the Ad Hoc Advisory Committee on the Funding Strategy and contained in the Report of its seventh meeting. The Report was published online on the Treaty website and circulated to the National Focal Points through a notification. The Governing Body is invited to finalize the review of the Operational Procedures and to adopt the Policy on Conflict of Interest.
El objeto de esta notificación es recordarle las decisiones que se dirigen a las Partes Contratantes en relación con el Sistema Multilateral de acceso y distribución de beneficios.
L'objet de la présente notification est d'attirer votre attention sur les décisions relatives au Système multilatéral d’accès et de partage des avantages qui concernent les Parties contractantes.
The purpose of this notification is to bring to your attention decisions that are addressed to Contracting Parties in relation to the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-sharing.
The Secretary of the International Treaty has the honour to inform Contracting Parties of the launching by Syngenta Crop Protection AG (Syngenta) of a new e-licensing platform that generates contributions to the Benefit-sharing Fund of the International Treaty.
The ITPGRFA seeks to protect farmers’ rights through equitable benefit-sharing from the use of farmers’ crop varieties. It recognises the enormous contribution that indigenous and local communities and farmers have made to the conservation and development of crop genetic resources. Yet the ability of farmers to continue this role is seriously threatened - not only by a lack of benefit-sharing, but by a lack of secure rights to land and genetic resources and policies that promote industrial agriculture and monocultures. This paper argues for a broad approach to the protection of farmers rights, which goes beyond benefit-sharing, to include protection of farmers' customary rights over genetic resources and associated landscapes, cultural values and customary laws, on which the continued conservation and improvement of crops by farmers depends. It draws on research by International Institute for Environment and Development and partners in Peru, Panama, India, China and Kenya.
These voluntary guidelines identify the steps in the access and benefit-sharing process, with an emphasis on the obligation for users to seek the prior informed consent of providers. They also identify the basic requirements for mutually agreed terms and define the main roles and responsibilities of users and providers and stress the importance of the involvement of all stakeholders. They also cover other elements such as incentives, accountability, means for verification and dispute settlement. Finally, they enumerate suggested elements for inclusion in material transfer agreements and provide an indicative list of both monetary and non-monetary benefits. They are expected to assist Parties, Governments and other stakeholders in developing overall access and benefit-sharing strategies, and in identifying the steps involved in the process of obtaining access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing.
This report presents a collection of success stories from the realization of Farmers’ Rights as they are addressed in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Despite huge challenges ahead in implementing these rights, there are many examples of projects, legislation and policies which contribute to their realization. A success story is defined here as a project or activity that has resultet in substantial achievements with regard to one or more of the suggestions for the realization of Farmers’ Rights addressed in the International Treaty. The chosen examples are not necessarily perfect; the main criterion is that significant achievements have been made and that they can provide inspiration for others. The success stories are sorted into four categories of achievements: the realization of Farmers’ Rights to save, use, exchange and sell farm-saved seed; protection of traditional knowledge related to agricultural biodiversity; participation in benefit sharing and in decision-making.
The entry into force of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture marks the commitment of the world community to a freestanding convention directed at addressing both global needs for food security and internationally agreed objectives regarding the concepts of ‘access and benefit-sharing’ found in the CBD. The sixth in a series of Guides to the implementation of particular international instruments and concepts, it seeks to promote greater understanding of the Treaty’s text, including some of the scientific, technical and legal issues upon which it is founded, and possible implications.
This background study presents the findings of an international stakeholder survey on the topic. It gathers the perceptions and opinions of various stakeholders from all parts of the world, as expressed in 60 questionnaires from 31 countries. The survey gives an overview of the state of realization of farmers’ rights which shows that, despite the huge challenges ahead, efforts are already underway with regard to all issues addressed as farmers’ rights in the International Treaty. This indicates that there is already an opportunity for learning and for deriving models and success stories. The survey highlights the most important barriers to the realization of farmers’ rights, as perceived by the respondents, and pinpoints at the same time options for overcoming them.