Fact sheet issued on the occasion of the fourth meeting of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (COP-MOP 4), held in Bonn, Germany, from 12 to 16 May 2008. It focus on agricultural and agrobiodiversity topics, presenting a number of considerations on climate change, agricultural investment and innovations, biofuels and governance.
Magazine about agricultural biodiversity, with geneflow news, a feature section, and special reports on developing countries. A wide range of issues are covered such as gender aspects, farmers' role maintaining biodiversity and climate change.
Report of the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, that was held in Nagoya, Japan, from 18 to 29 October 2010. The cross-sectoral matter is the access and benefit-sharing for genetic resources for food and agriculture, alongside other strategic issues such as sustainable use of biodiversity and climate change.
In developed and developing countries all over the world, farmers and indigenous and local communities have traditional knowledge, expertise, skills and practices related to food security and to food and agricultural production and diversity. Since its creation in 1945, FAO has recognized the significant contributions these make to food and agriculture, and the relevance of on-farm/in situ and ex situ conservation of genetic resources for food and agriculture. Over the decades, FAO has included traditional and local knowledge and activities in policies, programmes and projects related to a wide range of issues, including farmers’ rights, poverty alleviation, nutrition and health, and gender equity, among many others. More recently, it has used traditional knowledge to tackle the emerging problems of soaring food prices and climate change.
Background paper presented at the ‘Policy Seminar on the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: Global Challenges and Future Direction’ in Bari, Italy in December 2009. It focuses on the climate change topic (its dimensions, basic facts and mains impacts on agriculture), but also on its interlinkages between the ITPGRFA.
This paper investigates the impact that climate change will have on countries’ interdependence on genetic resources for food and agriculture. It has been developed for submission to the twelfth session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture on 19–22 October 2009 which concerns access and benefit-sharing norms. The extent of countries’ interdependence on categories or sectors of genetic resources is a potentially important consideration when evaluating, and or developing, access and benefit-sharing norms.
The present background study paper addresses the question what impact climate change has and will likely have on biodiversity for food and agriculture, and what are the specific challenges resulting from potential changes. In line with FAO’s general mandate, the study takes the problem of food security as its starting point and combines this concern with the concept of ecosystem services. The term ‘biodiversity for food and agriculture’ is thus understood to imply a whole range of ecosystems services that are dependent on biological diversity and are at the same time critical for present and future food security. It is a central argument of this study that the direct, first order effects of climate change on biodiversity for food and agriculture are only a part of the problem that has to be addressed. The study thus proceeds to explore and discuss also the combined and systemic effects of climate change on biodiversity-dependent ecosystem services that are critical for food security.
This educational module presents the International Treaty and its main components in the context of the broader legal framework governing crop diversity. It shows how the International Treaty has been set up to cope with global challenges such as food security, climate change and the loss of crop diversity. The module provides learners with key concepts and historical background, through five self-contained lessons that are specifically designed for newcomers to the crop diversity policy area. Each lesson lays down its learning objectives and contains a one-page overview, section summaries of key points to remember, a one-page conclusive summary at the end, a list of reference materials, as well as numerous tables, illustrations, text boxes and high quality photographs
Fact sheet on the project under the Benefit-sharing Fund in Tanzania, which addresses the strengthening on-farm conservation and use of sorghum, finger millet, lablab beans and yam crop diversities for improved food security and adaptation to climate changes in Tanzania. The main objective of this project is to contribute to the overall improvement of food security, nutritional quality and livelihood of the poor farming communities through on-farm conservation and sustainable use of local crop diversities of sorghum, finger millet, lablab beans and yams.