In the Near East region, which is considered the cradle of agricultural civilization, agricultural systems are seriously threatened with drastic instability in climatic conditions and consequently with the erosion of basic natural resources, supporting agricultural productivity, including soil, water and genetic resources. The Near East is a food insecure area. Member countries spend a significant part of their foreign trade earnings on importing food and feed materials. Productivity levels in the region, both for crops and animals are low. Therefore, the Near East region continues to be a net importer of wheat and other commodities with the exception of Turkey, Syria and Pakistan.
The fact that the scope of the Treaty includes all ‘plant genetic resources for food and agriculture’ makes it a very important instrument for the LAC region, which recognized from the very beginning of the process the relevance of having a unique instrument for dealing with the diversity and the uniqueness of PGRFA.
|Plus de 70 entre experts et scientifiques se sont réunis cette semaine à la ville de Guatemala pour discuter du changement climatique et de son impact sur les dix principales cultures vivrières dans la région méso-américaine et des stratégies de coordination possibles pour le développement et la conservation de la diversité génétique de ces cultures.|
|More than 70 experts and scientists have gathered this week in Guatemala City to discuss on climate change and its impact on ten important food crops in the Mesoamerican region and on eventual coordination strategies for the development and conservation of the genetic diversity of these crops.|
|Más de 70 expertos y científicos se han reunido esta semana en Ciudad de Guatemala para discutir sobre el cambio climático y su impacto en diez cultivos alimentarios importantes de la región mesoamericana y sobre las posibles estrategias de coordinación para el mejoramiento y la conservación la diversidad genética de estos cultivos.|
This lesson is part of “Educational Module 2 – Conservation and Sustainable Use under the International Treaty”. It familiarizes learners with the technical background on conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA). It discusses the importance of crop diversity for global food security and presents complementary conservation methods and their relative advantages and disadvantages. The lesson further elaborates on the concept of sustainable use of crop diversity, and highlights the linkage between conservation and sustainable use.
This is the second in a comprehensive series of educational modules on the International Treaty. Highlighting the importance of crop diversity for food security, it examines the provisions of the International Treaty dealing with conservation and sustainable use of crop diversity in detail and presents examples for their implementation. The lessons of Educational Module 2 provide technical aspects for learners with more of a political background in agriculture, and illustrate the legal framework of the International Treaty to learners that have more of a research and scientific background related to PGRFA. “Conservation and Sustainable Use under the International Treaty” has been produced under the coordination of the Secretariat through a participatory process involving international experts and stakeholders from all regions.
Synthesis Report of the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which provides an integrated view of climate change. Topic 1 summarises observed changes in climate and their effects on natural and human systems, regardless of their causes, while topic 2 assesses the causes of the observed changes. Topic 3 presents projections of future climate change and related impacts under different scenarios. Topic 4 discusses adaptation and mitigation options over the next few decades and their interactions with sustainable development. Topic 5 assesses the relationship between adaptation and mitigation on a more conceptual basis and takes a longer-term perspective. Topic 6 summarises the major robust findings and remaining key uncertainties in this assessment.
Introduction of the this report, which provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date scientific assessment of the impacts of climate change, the vulnerability of natural and human environments, and the potential for response through adaptation. The report: (a) evaluates evidence that recent observed changes in climate have already affected a variety of physical and biological systems and concludes that these effects can be attributed to global warming; (c) makes a detailed assessment of the impacts of future climate change and sea-level rise on ecosystems, water resources, agriculture and food security, human health, coastal and low-lying regions and industry and settlements; (d) provides a complete new assessment of the impacts of climate change on major regions of the world; (e) considers responses through adaptation; (f) explores the synergies and trade-offs between adaptation and mitigation; (g) evaluates the key vulnerabilities to climate change, and assesses aggregate damage levels and the role of multiple stresses.
Climate change will bring enormous and unpredictable changes to agriculture which will affect global food supplies and disproportionately impact on the poor. Emissions of greenhouse gases from agriculture, largely from intensive systems, contribute significantly to global warming. This paper, a summary of some issues in Understanding Climate Change Adaptation, explores biodiverse agriculture as a realistic and proven alternative to industrial methods of production. Practised by millions of small-scale food producers and organic growers, biodiverse agriculture can limit and adjust to climate change while replenishing the natural resources on which food production depends.